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hajj 2021|| war epidemic canceled hajj in history; covid-19 pandemic | Haj has been affected due to epidemic, war, politics, people were quarantined in Osmania Sultanate due to cholera outbreak

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4 hours agoWriter: Sajid Sheikh

Photograph of Mecca taken in 1887.

For the year 2021, only 60 thousand people of Saudi Arabia will perform Hajj. The Saudi government did not allow people from outside countries to perform Haj. This is not the first time that Haj pilgrimage has been restricted. In the past, Haj has either been canceled or performed by a limited number of people due to war, political turmoil and epidemics.

Know when Hajj could not be done

865: The Massacre on Arafat
Ismail bin Yusuf, also known as al-Safaq, declared war in 865 against the Abbasi Sultanate of Baghdad. Al-Safaq marched with the army to the mountain of Arafat in Mecca. Thousands of Haj pilgrims were slaughtered. Hajj could not take place this year because of the attack.

930: Attack of Karamatin
This was the deadliest attack on the city of Mecca. In 930, the Karamatin tribe of eastern Arabia (now Bahrain) massacred and plundered Mecca. Abu Tahir al-Janabi, the head of the Karamatin tribe, threw the bodies of thousands of people in a well of Jam-Zam (holy water) near Khana-e-Kaaba.

According to the report of the Shah Abdul Aziz Foundation for Research and Archives, established in Saudi Arabia, about 30 thousand people died in the attack. This year Hajj could not take place due to the fear of Karamatin.

The attackers also uprooted Hazare Aswad (Black Stone) and took them along. Hajre Aswad lived for many years near Abu Tahir in his city of al-Ahsa. It was finally brought back to Khana-e-Kaba after about 20 years with a huge ransom.

According to the report, Karamatin did not believe in the Islamic State. Karamatins understood that the work performed in Hajj predates Islam. Come under the category of idol worship.

Old picture of Jam-Zam well. – file

983: Fights between the Abbasi and the Fatimid caliphates
It is about the year 983. Hajj this time was a gift of politics. Political turmoil was at its peak between the Abbasi of Iraq and the Fatimid Caliphate of Egypt. Muslims were not allowed to perform Haj. After this Hajj was performed in 991.

When disease-pandemic hindered Hajj

  • According to the report of Shah Abdul Aziz Foundation, in the year 968, the disease named al-Mashri spread. A large number of people were killed in Mecca. Many Haj pilgrims died on the way. Some even reached Mecca, even after the date of Hajj.
  • In 1831, an outbreak of cholera killed about three-quarters of the pilgrims in Mecca. In 1846, 15,000 people died. The epidemic continued to spread in Mecca until 1850. Even after this some people were killed. Haj had to be canceled 3 times in 2 decades from 1837 to 1858 due to cholera. According to the report, according to researchers, this epidemic was spread through Haj pilgrims from India. In this era of the Osmania Sultanate (Ottoman Empire), people were quarantined to end the epidemic.

Weather-inflation, fear of bandits

  • In the year 1000 and around, due to inflation and huge increase in the cost of Haj pilgrimage, economically weaker people could not go for Haj. In 1039 the people of Iraq and Khorasan to Sham and Egypt could not go on Hajj.
  • Due to severe winter and floods in Iraq on 1026, pilgrims could not travel to Mecca. Haj had to be canceled due to cold weather.
  • In the year 1099, due to the mutual wars of the Muslim world, the Muslims suffered a lot. It also affected the Hajj pilgrimage.
  • From 1256 to 1260, Haji did not reach Mecca from any country other than Hijaz.
  • During the French Revolution in 1798, Haj convoys were stopped for security reasons.
  • In 1925, a convoy carrying Kiswah from Egypt to Saudi Arabia, Gilaf Kiswah of Khana-e-Kaba was attacked. No Egyptian Haji could perform Hajj.
1910 photo.  During the period of the Osmania Sultanate, the Kaaba is being covered with kiswah.  -file

1910 photo. During the period of the Osmania Sultanate, the Kaaba is being covered with kiswah. -file

effect of ebola

  • The Ebola outbreak peaked in early 2010. Countries around the world stopped issuing visas to many West African states. In 2014, Saudi Arabia also temporarily stopped issuing Umrah and Hajj visas to citizens of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.
  • The Hajj was first performed in 629 (6 Hijri – according to the Islamic calendar) under the leadership of the Prophet Muhammad. Ever since Saudi Arabia came into existence, that is, from 1932 till now, the Hajj at Khana-e-Kaba has never completely stopped.

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